Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA) Methodology
The Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA) Methodology was initially developed by the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN-ECLAC) in 1972. It has since been improved through close cooperation of WHO, PAHO, World Bank, Inter American Development Bank, UNESCO, ILO to capture the closest approximation of damage and losses due to disaster events. It is a flexible tool that can be adapted to specific disaster types and government ownership requirements. The DaLA Methodology bases its assessments on the overall economy of the affected country. It uses the national accounts and statistics of the country government as baseline data to assess damage and loss. It also factors in the impact of disasters on individual livelihoods and incomes to fully define the needs for recovery and reconstruction.
The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System
The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) is a cooperation framework under the United Nations umbrella with the aim to consolidate and strengthen the network of providers and users of disaster information worldwide in order to provide reliable and accurate alerts and impact estimations after sudden-onset disasters and to improve the cooperation of international responders in the immediate aftermath of major natural, technological and environmental disasters.GDACS provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world and tools to facilitate response coordination, including media monitoring, map catalogues and Virtual On-Site Operations Coordination Centre.
GLobal unique disaster IDEntifier (GLIDE)
The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) proposed a globally common, unique identification scheme for disaster events, as a tool for facilitating the sharing of disaster information archived by organizations around the world. The idea was launched as the new initiative, "GLIDE", jointly with other organizations as OCHA.
Tsunami Warning System
State of art - deep ocean sensors satellite relayed early warning
Tsunami Warning System starting registered tsunami after the Stromboli Volcano eruption in December 2002. The system has been based on multisensor (both seismic wide spectrum, and pressure gauges) deep ocean platforms. At present Envirtech manufacture two classes of devices: the Vulcan Class and the Poseidon Class.
SERVIR was developed by researchers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala. SERVIR features web-based access to satellite imagery, decision-support tools and interactive visualisation capabilities, and puts previously inaccessible information into the hands of scientists, environmental managers, and decision-makers. The Earth observation information is used to address threats related to climate change, biodiversity, and extreme events such as flooding, forest fires, and storms.
Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (VDAP)
The world's only volcano crisis response team, organized and operated by the USGS, can be quickly mobilized to assess and monitor hazards at volcanoes threatening to erupt. Since 1986, the team has responded to more than a dozen volcano crises as part of the Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (VDAP), a cooperative effort with the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance of the U.S. Agency for International Development.
DesInventar is a conceptual and methodological tool for the construction of databases of loss, damage, or effects caused by emergencies or disasters. The development of DesInventar, with its conception that makes visible disasters from a local scale (town or equivalent), facilitates dialogue for risk management between actors, institutions, sectors, provincial and national governments.
The International Disaster Database EM-DAT
The main objective of the database is to serve the purposes of humanitarian action at national and international levels. It is an initiative aimed to rationalise decision making for disaster preparedness, as well as providing an objective base for vulnerability assessment and priority setting.
EM-DAT contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agencies.